Definitions of Grigori_Alexandrowitsch_Potjomkin, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Grigori_Alexandrowitsch_Potjomkin, analogical dictionary of Grigori_Alexandrowitsch_Potjomkin (Italian) The internal contrast was evident throughout his life: he frequented both church and numerous orgies, for example. In 1755 a second inspection placed him in the élite Horse Guards regiment  [ ru ]. Uute Uudiste väljaandja on Eesti Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond. Potemkin saw action virtually every day, particularly excelling at the Battle of Prashkovsky, after which his commander Aleksandr Mikhailovich Golitsyn recommended him to Catherine. Derzhavin's ode Waterfall lamented Potemkin's death; likewise many in the military establishment had looked upon Potemkin as a father figure and were especially saddened by his demise. October 5] 1791) was a Russian military leader, statesman, nobleman and favourite of Catherine the Great. Catherine was distraught and ordered social life in St. Petersburg be put on hold. Princo Grigorij Aleksandroviĉ Potjomkin (ruse Григорий Александрович Потёмкин) (1739 en Ĉiĵovo ĉe Smolensk - 1791 ĉe Iaşi, entombigita en la St-a Jekaterina kirko (ruse Свято-Екаерининский Собор en Ĥerson) estis rusa feldmarŝalo, konfidulo kaj ŝatatulo de rusa carino Katerina la 2-a. He died while on his way to Nikolayev (now Mykolayiv, Ukraine). Kategorie:Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Connected to: {{::readMoreArticle.title}} aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie {{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}} This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit). He first attracted Catherine's favor for helping in her 1762 coup, then distinguished himself as a military commander in the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774). The empress grew impatient and compelled him in 1791 to return to Iași to conduct the peace negotiations as chief Russian plenipotentiary. An able administrator, licentious, extravagant, loyal, generous, and magnanimous, he was the subject of many anecdotes. In September 1768, Potemkin became Kammerherr (chamberlain); two months later Catherine had his military commission revoked, fully attaching him to court. Keine Action, keine Leidenschaft, nix. Uued Uudised peavad oluliseks sõnavabadust. [60] The Kingdom of Georgia accepted Russian protection a few days later with the Treaty of Georgievsk searching for protection against Persia's aim to reestablish its suzerainty over Georgia; the Karabakh Khanate of Persia initially looked as though it might also, but eventually declined Russian help. [50] He embarked upon a long series of other romances, including with his own nieces, one of whom may have borne him a child. Katariina Suuren rakastaja Grigori AleksandrovitÅ¡ Potjomkin (24. syyskuuta (J: 13. syyskuuta) 1739 TÅ¡ižovo lähellä Smolenskia – 16. lokakuuta (J: 5. lokakuuta) 1791 Iași) oli venäläinen sotamarsalkka ja keisarinna Katariina II:n suosikki. Diese DVD ist leider - muss ich zugeben - ein Fehlkauf gewesen. Ich warte noch immer auf die Fortsetzung der Medici Teil III. The young Potemkin became adept at languages and interested in the Russian Orthodox Church. Then he built Simferopol as the Crimean capital. [69], Potemkin's Black Sea Fleet was a massive undertaking for its time. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Grigory-Potemkin, Grigory Potemkin - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). [53][54] Dismembering the Ottoman Empire would require détente with Austria (technically still the Habsburg Monarchy), and its ruler Joseph II. The Prince of Ligne, a member of the Austrian delegation, who had explored on his own during the trip, later proclaimed the allegations to be false. Another favored associate was Mikhail Faleev. The Potemkin Village by 38 year-old Austrian photographer Gregor Sailer is a series of landscape photographs inspired by a myth dating back to the 18th century: “The Russian Marshal and sovereign Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin was a lover and favorite of tsarina Katharina II,” Gregor explains introducing the story that inspired … Potemkin had other lovers at this time, including a 'Countess' Sevres and a Naryshkina. [107] On October 16 [O.S. Nime kandjaid. Even so, Catherine’s tour of the south in 1787 was a triumph for Potemkin, for he disguised all the weak points of his administration—hence the apocryphal tale of his erecting artificial villages to be seen by the empress in passing. [24] By late January Potemkin had tired of the impasse and effected (perhaps with encouragement from Catherine) a "melodramatic retreat" into the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. C H I L D W O O D Back to the Roots Hinter den sieben Bergen Orthodoxie Ans Wasser - Wo alles beginnt Byzanz Mein Dorf Vom Anfang zum Ende Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin [110], Potemkin was embalmed, and a funeral was held for him in Jassy. His preferred lover at the time—though he had others—was Praskovia Potemkina, an affair which continued into 1790. Potemkin; Untersuchungen zu seiner Lebensgeschichte. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He helped bring Catherine to power as empress and was given a small estate. Knjas potjomkin tawritscheski. Potemkin's sister Maria, for example, married Russian senator Nikolay Samoylov: their son Alexander was decorated for his service under Potemkin in the army; their daughter Ekaterina married first into the Raevsky family, and then the wealthy landowner Lev Davydov. Hy word bevorder tot tweede luitenant van die wag. Consequently, he left a relative fortune. By the end of November, only one major target remained: the Turkish fortress of Izmail. His father, Alexander Potemkin, was a decorated war veteran; his mother Daria was "good-looking, capable and intelligent", though … He shone in the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–74 and became Catherine’s lover in 1774. Potjomkin tai Potemkin tarkoittaa seuraavia: . and transl. Potemkin fought at the capture of Jurja, a display of courage and skill for which he received the Order of St. Anna. [118] Potemkin's nail-biting was so persistent that it was frequently noticed by courtiers and guests, and resulted in hangnail. It has been suggested[by whom?] Plans for a full-scale invasion had previously been cut back and a small unit sent to establish a trading post there was quickly turned away. Exhausted, Potemkin collapsed into a fever he barely survived. „Niemand kommt an Dich heran“, schrieb Katharina II. [89] Catherine wrote that "you [Potemkin] have shut the mouths of everyone... [and can now] show magnanimity to your blind and empty-headed critics". Next was the port of Akhtiar, annexed with the Crimea, which became Sevastopol. A week later, and after kind words from Catherine, he was rallied by the news that the fleet was not in fact destroyed, but only damaged. [36] In December 1784 Catherine first explicitly referred to Potemkin as her husband in correspondence, though 1775, 1784 and 1791 have all been suggested as possible nuptial dates. He promoted large-scale foreign colonization and peasant resettlement in the south—with only mediocre success so far as agricultural settlements went but with great success in the foundation…. After a lull in hostilities in 1772 his movements are unclear, but it seems that he returned to St. Petersburg where he is recorded, perhaps apocryphally, to have been one of Catherine's closest advisers. Catherine obtained for him the title of Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and gave him the title of Prince of the Russian Empire among many others: he was both a Grand Admiral and the head of all of Russia's land and irregular forces. Potemkine, Grigori Aleksandrovitch, 1739-1791 Григорий Александрович Потёмкин Русский военный и государственный деятель, генерал-фельдмаршал Potemkin, Grigorij Aleksandrovič knjaz 1739-1791 Potemkin, Grigorij (Grigorij Aleksandrovič), 1739-1791 [101][102] Fortunately for the Russians, the Anglo-Prussian alliance collapsed and a British ultimatum that Russia should accept the status quo ante bellum was withdrawn. Potemkin's bluster had probably contributed to the hostility, either deliberately or accidentally; either way, his creation of the new fleet and Catherine's trip to the south had certainly not helped matters. Oktober 1791 bei Jassy, beerdigt in der St. Jekaterinen-Kirche in Cherson) war ein russischer Fürst, Feldmarschall sowie Vertrauter und Liebh… [103], Success on the Turkish front continued, mostly attributable to Potemkin. Potemkin was soon formally presented to the Empress as a talented mimic; his imitation of her was well received.[15]. The Prince came across as polite and charming though his latest mistress, Princess Ekaterina Dolgorukaya, appeared sidelined[nb 4][100] and Potemkin found himself embroiled in court intrigue whilst trying to force Zubov out. Potemkin's horse then (appeared to) refused to leave her side for several minutes before Potemkin and the horse returned to the ranks. Grigori Galitsin, Director: Voyage. [66][67][68], Potemkin then embarked on a period of city-founding. Updates? Grigori Potjomkin { noun } Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; Open Multilingual Wordnet. The trip seems to have affected Potemkin: afterwards he studied little and was soon expelled. On his return, he was appointed Procurator, and won a reputation as a lover. Find artworks in the Artory Registry—the most comprehensive and secure database for art and objects—and register artworks you own to have them endorsed by an expert Partner and secured on the blockchain. [39] By late 1775, however, their relationship was changing, though it is uncertain exactly when Catherine took a secretary, Pyotr Zavadovsky, as a lover. He oversaw the construction of many historically significant buildings, including the Tauride Palace in St. Petersburg. His biggest failure, however, was his effort to build the city of Ekaterinoslav (lit. [64] By the time of Potemkin's death, the Cossacks and their threat of anarchic revolt were well controlled. Grigorij Aleksandrovič Potëmkin Grigori Potjomkin Grigorij Potěmkin Григорий Потьомкин Grigorij Potiomkin Потёмкин, Григорий Александрович Grigory Potemkin Grigoriy Potyomkin グリゴリー・ポチョムキン Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin Grigori Potiomkin Gregorio Potemkin Grigori Potemkine Grigori … [116], Louis Philippe, comte de Ségur described him as "colossal like Russia", "an inconceivable mixture of grandeur and pettiness, laziness and activity, bravery and timidity, ambition and insouciance". It was during this battle that Potemkin first employed a maneuver of his own design known as the "Megufistu Flank," drawing the Tatars out of position and breaking their lines with a well timed cavalry charge. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Eight days after his death, he was buried. Grigori on populaarsuselt 256. mehenimi. [nb 2] The second most successful city of Potemkin's rule was Nikolayev (now better known as Mykolaiv), which he founded in 1789. Dolgorukaya was soon replaced by a new mistress, Sophie (de) Witte (nicknamed "The Beautiful Greek"), who was renowned in the courts of Europe at that time and had an accommodating husband. / 16. [123] Another contemporary, the Scotsman Sir John Sinclair, added that Potemkin had "great abilities" but was ultimately a "worthless and dangerous character". The exact whereabouts of some of his internal organs, including his heart and brain first kept at Golia Monastery in Jassy, remain unknown. Grigori Potjomkin (Potemkin, 1739–1791), venäläinen sotamarsalkka; Potjomkin (”Ruhtinas Potjomkin Taurialainen”), Venäjän keisarikunnan taistelulaiva; Panssarilaiva Potemkin, neuvostoliittolainen elokuva vuodelta 1925; Potemkin, ympäristötaideteos Kuramatan kylässä Japanissa. ; Katso myös. Potemkin can refer to:;People * Prince Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin, statesman and lover of Catherine the Great * Pavel Potemkin, a Russian diplomat and military leader, cousin of Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin * Pyotr Potemkin, a Russian diplomat and voivode;Other * The Russian battleship "Potemkin", named for Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin ** The Battleship "Potemkin" … Educated at the University of Moscow, Potemkin entered the Horse Guards in 1755. Most of the time this meant a love triangle in the court between the pair and Catherine's latest swain. Vroeë lewe. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin ([pɐˈtʲɵ.mkʲɪn], russisch Григорий Александрович Потёмкин, wiss. [89] In May he left once more for the front, having agreed on contingency plans with Catherine should Russia be forced into war with either Prussia or the upstart Poland, which had recently successfully demanded the withdrawal of Russian troops from its territory. [86] In early summer 1788, fighting intensified as Potemkin's forces won their naval confrontation with the Turks with few losses, and began the siege of Ochakov, a Turkish stronghold and the main Russian war aim. He was also busy with the so-called Greek project, which aimed at restoring the Byzantine Empire under one of Catherine’s grandsons. Grigory Potemkin was a minister and lover of the Russian Empress Catherine II. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin ([pɐˈtʲɵ.mkʲɪn], russisch Григорий Александрович Потёмкин, wiss. Grigori Aleksandrovitš Potjomkin (ven. [55] The May 1781 defensive treaty remained secret for almost two years; the Ottomans were said to still have been unaware of it even when they declared war on Russia in 1787. [87] Potemkin refused to write regularly with news of the war in the south, compounding Catherine's anxiety. [35] In quick succession he won appointment as Governor-General of Novorossiya, as a member of the State Council, as General-in-Chief, as Vice-President of the College of War[36][37] and as Commander-in-Chief of the Cossacks. Construction started at his first effort, Kherson, in 1778, as a base for a new Black Sea Fleet he intended to build. Potemkin focused instead on Russia's southern provinces, where he was busy founding cities (including Sevastopol) and creating his own personal kingdom, including his brand new Black Sea Fleet. The massive fortress at Bender surrendered in November without a fight. Browse upcoming and past auction lots by … This war provides an excellent opportunity for this and I cannot live in idleness. Nadat hy aan die Moskouse Universiteit studeer het, sluit hy aan by die Ruiterwag. [97] The peace also freed up military resources for the war against the Turks. Potemkin returned to war in 1773 as Lieutenant-General to fight in Silistria. [84], Turning his attention elsewhere, Potemkin established his headquarters in Elisabethgrad and planned future operations. 56 … [17] Eighteen months later, Potemkin reappeared, probably summoned by Catherine. Though no longer Catherine's favorite, he remained her favored minister. Григо́рий Алекса́ндрович Потёмкин; 24. syyskuuta (J: 13. syyskuuta) 1739 TÅ¡ižovo lähellä Smolenskia – 16. lokakuuta (J: 5. lokakuuta) 1791 Iași) oli venäläinen sotamarsalkka ja keisarinna Katariina II:n suosikki. In 1775, Potemkin became the governor-general of Russia's new southern provinces. [106] On 13 October [O.S. Noorus. [61][62] The province of Taurida (the Crimea) was added to the state of Novorossiya (lit. Potemkin renamed two ships in her honor. and transl. [25][26] Several weeks later he had usurped Vasilchikov as Catherine's favorite,[27] and was given the title of Adjutant General. The five unmarried Engelhardt sisters arrived in court in 1775 on the direction of their recently widowed father Vassily. In this way, the threat of a wider war receded. [39] Potemkin's actions and her treatment of him later in life fit with this: the two at least acted as husband and wife. An eccentric workaholic, Potemkin was vain and a great lover of jewelry (a taste he did not always remember to pay for),[citation needed] but he disliked sycophancy and was sensitive about his appearance, particularly his lost eye. September 1739 greg. [117] A practical politician, his political ideas were "quintessentially Russian", and he believed in the superiority of the Tsarist autocracy (he once described the French revolutionaries as "a pack of madmen"[120]). [125] His wider family included several distant cousins, among them Count Pavel Potemkin, another decorated military figure, whose brother Mikhail married Potemkin's niece Tatiana Engelhardt. [113], Catherine's son Paul, who succeeded to the throne in 1796, attempted to undo as many of Potemkin's reforms as possible. He divided his time between military preparation (creating a fleet of a hundred gunboats to fight within the shallow liman) and chasing the wives of soldiers under his command. For other uses, see, Unless otherwise stated, this article uses dates from the, Григо́рий Алекса́ндрович Потёмкин-Таври́ческий. [59], Potemkin returned to St. Petersburg in November 1783 and was promoted to Field Marshal when the Crimea was formally annexed the following February. His rule in the south is associated with the "Potemkin village", a ruse involving the construction of painted façades to mimic real villages, full of happy, well-fed people, for visiting officials to see. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Synonym of Grigori Potjomkin: Deutschsprachige Wikipedia - Die freie Enzyklopädie Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin ([], , wiss. Potemkin was known for his love of women, gambling and material wealth. The Russian administrator and field marshal Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin (1739-1791), a favorite of Catherine the Great, is best known for his work in the economic development of southern Russia.. Grigori Potemkin the son of a minor nobleman, was born on Sept. 13, 1739, in Chizhovo, a … In the center, Potemkin had his own Yekaterinoslav Army, while to the west lay the smaller Ukraine Army under the command of Field-Marshal Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky. [78] She reached Kiev in late January, to travel down the Dnieper after the ice had melted (see Crimean journey of Catherine the Great). Transliteration Grigorij Aleksandrovič Potëmkin, deutsch auch Gregor Alexandrowitsch Potemkin; * 13. The talks, which were continued by Catherine's secretary and foreign minister, [ɡrʲɪˈɡorʲɪj ɐlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪtɕ pɐˈtʲɵmkʲɪn tɐˈvrʲitɕɪskʲɪj], Ministry of Internal Affairs of Transnistria, Report on the 29th award of the Count Uvarov Prizes, https://mvdpmr.org/podrazdeleniya-mvd/gou-rkk/o-korpuse/25577-istoriya-rkk.html, Mistresses and minions of Russian Emperors and Empresses, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grigory_Potemkin&oldid=992483907, People of the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774), Recipients of the Order of St. George of the First Degree, Recipients of the Order of St. George of the Second Degree, Recipients of the Order of St. George of the Third Degree, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The name of the giant seaside staircase in, The Grigory Potemkin Republican Cadet Corps is a specialized institution in the, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 14:28. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin war ein russischer Feldmarschall und Vertrauter der russischen Zarin Katharina der Großen, der er der Legende nach auf Inspektionsreisen durch Attrappen besiedelte Gegenden vortäuschte („Potjomkinsche Dörfer“).